CCL-34) cells were grown in Dulbeccos modified Eagles serum (DMEM), supplemented with 10% fetal calf serum (FCS), 2 mM L-glutamine, and 1% non-essential amino acids (NEAA). quick freezing (SPRF). After subsequent thawing integrity of candida cells was evaluated by PI-staining. Data is definitely displayed as mean s.d.; n = 5. B: Viability of after SPRF in PBS without cryoprotection, quantified by measuring the optical denseness at 600 nm after AKAP11 24 h of growth in YPD medium at 30C and 200 rpm. Control: from related samples packed in SPRF tubes but not freezing. Data is definitely normalized to the related controls. Black marks are solitary experiments; in gray imply s.d. are displayed; n = 5(TIF) pone.0164270.s002.tif (88K) GUID:?EE0C1CE0-991D-4DB9-BD99-7E49DF9C7190 S1 Video: Re-warming of SPRF tube. SPRF aluminium tube filled with EAFS medium was cut open under liquid nitrogen after SPRF. The tube was observed by stereomicroscopy during re-warming.(MOV) pone.0164270.s003.mov (2.6M) GUID:?1B6376B3-C26C-45E7-AA2F-6D45B3EEF865 Data Availability StatementAll relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Info files. Abstract Quick chilling of aqueous solutions is definitely a useful approach for two important biological applications: (I) cryopreservation of cells and cells for long-term storage, and (II) cryofixation for ultrastructural investigations by electron and cryo-electron microscopy. Usually, both methods are very different in strategy. Here we display that a novel, fast and easy to use cryofixation technique called self-pressurized quick freezing (SPRF) isCafter some adaptationsCalso a useful and versatile technique for cryopreservation. Sealed metallic tubes with high thermal diffusivity comprising the samples are plunged into liquid cryogen. Internal pressure builds up reducing snow Ubiquinone-1 crystal formation and therefore assisting reversible cryopreservation through vitrification of cells. After quick rewarming of pressurized samples, viability rates of > Ubiquinone-1 90% can be reached, comparable to best-performing of the founded rapid chilling devices tested. In addition, the small SPRF tubes allow for space-saving sample storage and the sealed containers prevent contamination from or into the cryogen during freezing, storage, or thawing. Intro Rapid chilling of aqueous solutions is definitely a powerful tool in life technology for at least two important biological and biomedical applications: (I) cryofixation of samples for (ultra-) structural investigations by (cryo-) microscopy, and (II) cryopreservation of living samples for long-time storage. Most cryopreservation strategies aim to minimize intracellular snow crystallization during chilling. After the finding of cryoprotectant effects of substances like glycerol  or dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO), it experienced become possible to preserve mammalian cells with sluggish freezing methods. These methods allow for extracellular snow formation, and cells survive in the unfrozen portion between the snow crystals [2,3]. However, this approach appeared to Ubiquinone-1 be not adequate to preserve all kind of cells and cells. Therefore, a rapid chilling approach was developed using high concentrations of cryoprotective providers to completely Ubiquinone-1 prevent snow crystal formation . Although the complete suppression of snow crystallization is not necessary as cells tolerate particular small snow crystals , the method proved to be highly useful for a number of cell and cells types [2,6C8]. Subsequently, cryopreservation protocols have been divided into slow-freezing methods, that allow for the formation of extracellular snow crystals and vitrification methods that seek to prevent any snow formation (for evaluations observe: [2,9]). Numerous cryo-protective providers and mixtures of cryo-protectants have been developed aiming to become not cytotoxic in concentrations that suppress snow crystal formation [4,10C15]. Additionally, some efforts were made to improve chilling and warming rate, which allows reducing cryoprotectant concentrations and therefore cytotoxicity [16C20]. Two frequently used chilling and storage devices are the open drawn straw (OPS) and the cryotop (Fig 1). Open in a separate windows Fig 1 Different products for cryo-preservation by fast-freezing.A: From top to bottom: SPRF-tube, open pulled straw (OPS), cryotop, and mini straw. B: The.